دانلود کتاب سفالومتری در ارتودنسی: ۲ بعدی و ۳ بعدی
Cephalometry in Orthodontics: 2D and 3D, 1ed

|

Cephalometrics has been used for decades to diagnose orthodontic problems and evaluate treatment. However, the shift from 2D to 3D radiography has left some orthodontists unsure about how to use this method effectively. This book defines and depicts all cephalometric landmarks on a skull or spine in both 2D and 3D and then identifies them on radiographs. Each major cephalometric analysis is described in detail, and the linear or angular measures are shown pictorially for better understanding. Because many orthodontists pick specific measures from various cephalometric analyses to formulate their own analysis, these measures are organized relative to the skeletal or dental structure and then compared or contrasted relative to diagnosis, growth, and treatment. Cephalometric norms (eg, age, sex, ethnicity) are also discussed relative to treatment and esthetics. The final chapter shows the application of these measures to clinical cases to teach clinicians and students how to use them effectively. As radiology transitions from 2D to 3D, it is important to evaluate the efficacy and cost-effectiveness of each in diagnosis and treatment, and this book outlines all of the relevant concerns for daily practice. 338 illustrations

Contents

Chapter 1: Introduction to the Use of Cephalometries
Chapter 2: 2D and 3D Radiography
Chapter 3: Skeletal Landmarks and Measures
Chapter 4: Frontal Cephalometric Analysis
Chapter 5: Soft Tissue Analysis
Chapter 6: A Perspective on Norms and Standards
Chapter 7: The Transition from 2D to 3D Cephalometries: Understanding the Problems of Landmarks and Measures
Chapter 8: Cephalometric AirwayAnalysis
Chapter 9: Radiographic Superimposition: From 2D to 3D
Chapter 10: Growth and Treatment Predictions: Accuracy and Reliability
Chapter 11: Measuring Bone with CBCT
Chapter 12: Common Pathologic Findings in Cephalometric Radiology
Chapter 13: The Cost of 2D Versus 3D Radiology
Chapter 14: Clinical Cases

قیمت : 6000 تومان
لینک کوتاه : https://bookbaz.ir/?p=100753
نویسنده : Katherine Kula, Ahmed Ghoneima
ناشر : Quintessence Publishing Co., Inc.; 1 edition
سال انتشار : 2018
زبان کتاب : انگلیسی
نوع فایل : PDF
تعداد صفحات : 210
(ISBN) شابک : 0867157623
قیمت کتاب درآمازون : $118.00
حجم فایل : 25 MB

 51fHe0+fEDL._SX389_BO1,204,203,200_

۶۰۰۰ تـومان – خرید